NEWS

Iunie 21, 2006

GEN1763W* 29 BABIES ABANDONED IN MATERNITIES IN CHISINAU IN JANUARY-MAY

Chisinau-20.06.2006/16:11:50/(BASA-general) Twenty-nine new-borns have been abandoned in maternities and hospitals in Chisinau in the first five months of this year, BASA learned from Mariana Derjavin from the municipal directorate for the protection of child�s rights.

Derjavin said that most of mothers who abandon their babies are students or unmarried women and cannot afford to grow them up. „Some of the women have abandoned their children by escaping from maternities; others did not come back though they said that they want the state to look after their babies in the first three months of life,” she added.

Contacted by BASA, Eugenia Goncear, director of the National Adoption Committee of the government, said that the committee registered 28 children adopted by Moldovan couples last year and eight children were adopted by families from the United States, Switzerland and France.

According to a study on abandonment of children in Moldova, which the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Education carried out in August 2005 with the financial assistance of UNICEF, at least one child under 7 years is abandoned in Moldova every day, mostly in the first days of life. Further, every third abandoned child is quitted by his parents in the first four days of life, while each 5th woman who abandons her baby gives birth for the first time. Two out of three women who abandon their children do not have husbands.

Further, nine out of 10 children under 7 who are abandoned in maternities, hospitals, etc., have living parents, but their parents will never take care of them because of the lack of family reintegration and family support services.

The study comprises some recommendations on prevention of abandonment and reduction of the number of little children placed in institutions, including services and training of professional social assistants, identification of families facing a risk of abandonment and providing of necessary support tp these families, access of youths to life skill education, prevention of unwanted pregnancies, opening of friendly centres for youths and encouragement of couples to adopt children.

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NEWS

Iunie 5, 2006

GEN1595W* BARONESS EMA NICHOLSON TO ADVISE AUTHORITIES IN REFORMING CHILD PROTECTION SYSTEM

Chisinau-03.06.2006/14:12:55/(BASA-general) Baroness Emma Nicholson Winterbourne, official of the European Parliament, visited Saturday the City of Childhood, a family-type centre for children based in Parata, the district of Dubasari. She was accompanied by President Vladimir Voronin and governmental officials.

The conditions created here for children in need correspond to the harshest European requirements, this is an eloquent example of takeover of experiences of neighbouring states in order to ensure adequate conditions of living and education to children without parent?s care, baroness Nicholson said.

President Voronin stated that the authorities need the European practice in restructuring and improving the national child protection system. He noted that „the takeover of experience of other states in this field was the reason why baroness Nicholson was invited in Moldova, as she has had an important role in reforming the child protection system in Romania, in particular.

Ana Cercasova, director of the City of Childhood, stated to BASA that the „city” is built for orphan children and children from needy families from Moldova. At present, 108 children live there, including nine children repatriated from Russia.

The City of Childhood is built on about 6.5 hectares and includes six family-type houses for children and a medical centre. It is the only centre of this kind in Moldova and was created in 2003.

Baroness Emma Nicholson Winterbourne is on a two-day visit to Moldova at the invitation of country?s leadership. She is set for meetings with Moldovan President Vladimir Voronin, Speaker Marian Lupu, Premier Vasile Tarlev, Minister of Health and Social Protection Ion Ababii, will collect facts about activity of some social institutions for children.

Baroness Emma Nicholson Winterbourne is deputy chairwoman of the Commission for Foreign Affairs of the European Parliament and member of the Subcommittee on Human Rights.

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GEN1597W* EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT WILLING TO ASSIST MOLDOVA IN REFORMING CHILD PROTECTION SYSTEM

Chisinau-05.06.2006/09:56:20/(BASA-general) The European Parliament intends to assist Moldova in reforming the child protection system, Emma Nicholson, member of the European Parliament, told a news conference on Sunday.

„The European Parliament is interested in Moldova?s progress in ensuring a strong system to protect the children?s rights. This nation is very important for Europe and that?s why I have come to invite the state authorities to take over some of the European experience in this regard,” Nicholson noted. „The goal of my visit is to form and to implement common European children?s rights standards in Moldova. And a part of my experience in this field may be applied here, too,” the European parliamentarian underlined.

At the same time, Baroness Nicholson promised that she will come back to Moldova in July at the insistence of President Vladimir Voronin. She was very charmed that the Moldovan authorities showed interest for the proposals to reform the child protection system.

Baroness Emma Nicholson Winterbourne was on a 2-day visit to Moldova at the invitation of the state leadership. She has met Moldovan President Vladimir Voronin, Speaker Marian Lupu, Prime Minister Vasile Tarlev and Minister of Health and Social Protection Ion Ababii.

Baroness Emma Nicholson Winterbourne is deputy chairwoman of the Commission for Foreign Affairs of the European Parliament and member of the Subcommittee on Human Rights.

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GEN1529W* PRESIDENT CALLS FOR REINTEGRATION OF CHILDREN FROM RESIDENTIAL INSTITUTIONS INTO FAMILIES

Chisinau-29.05.2006/15:24:18/(BASA-general) President Vladimir Voronin told Monday a national conference themed Social Dimensions of Child Protection System in Moldova that it is very necessary to reduce the number of institutionalised children by integrating them into origin or adoptive families.

He said that the institutional care is expensive though the efficiency of the residential system is limited. „It would be fairest to direct this money to maintenance of children from needy and tutorial families,” Voronin recommended.

Ray Virgilio Torres, representative of UNICEF in Moldova, told the same conference that UNICEF will back the country?s initiative regarding reformation of residential system and child protection system.

Svetlana Chifa, head of the municipal directorate for the protection of children?s rights, had earlier stated to BASA that many temporary placement centres for children have opened in Moldova in the past years, which provide social and material assistance to children and parents. Chifa noted that the number of parents willing to adopt or to be tutors of orphan children has grown. More than 1,800 children have tutors in Chisinau only, Chifa added.

There are 68 social institutions of this kind in Moldova which host 12,000 children of whom about 80 percent have parents.

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